Can Gift Wrapping Be Mathematically Perfect?

Can Gift Wrapping Be Mathematically Perfect?

Christmas  is a time of giving… presents! And one of the most important parts of  gift-giving is the wrapping paper — how it looks under the Christmas  tree is as much a gift as the present inside. Many people devote a lot  of time to making their presents look perfect, but have you ever  considered how to make your gift wrapping mathematically perfect?

Of  course the next question anyone interested in mathematical perfection  would ask is: “What do you mean by perfect”? There is no right way to  answer this question, but one way to answer that is by considering the  following problem:

Suppose  you have a present, shaped like a rectangular prism of dimension l x b x  h (where l > b > h). What is the smallest rectangular area of  wrapping paper required to wrap it?

Any  solutions to this problem should describe the dimensions of a single  sheet of wrapping paper, shaped like a rectangle, with no cutting  allowed in the wrapping process. There is no way to do it without a  little bit of overlap once the wrapping paper is folded up, but any  solution should minimise this overlap.

Now there is a video online that asks and answers a similar problem, but this only deals with  square boxes! Is this solution the best way to wrap square boxes in all  situations? What happens when the box is very short (like a box of  chocolates), or very tall (like a box for a lava lamp)? Is there a  better way?

More adventurous internet searchers may have come across the same problem on NRICH. The solution here is really close to the optimal mathematical (and paper conservation) solution.

Do you have any ideas where improvements could be made to it? Are there any restrictions to this solution?

There is a definite answer, and an easy way to figure out how much you need for a  particular present without resorting to rulers, protractors and  calculus. The best way to start thinking about this problem is to try it  yourself while you’re wrapping your presents for your friends and  family.

We’d love you to share your solutions below. We’ll also share our solution next week.

By Andrew Crisp, resident mathematician at Mathspace